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Australian Indigenous Education

Indigenous Languages

Before the colonisation of Australia around 250 Indigenous languages were spoken throughout the country.  According to the Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages (VACL) many of these languages had multiple dialects. Prior to settlement many Indigenous individuals were able to speak five or more languages.

Currently, reports have found that of the 145 Indigenous languages still spoken in Australia, 110 are at risk of being lost. Many Indigenous languages are critically endangered with some languages now only spoken by small groups, many of whom are over 40 years of age.

Language is a  vital aspect of cultural identity and engenders a sense of belonging to community and country.

Image credit:

Image of Aboriginal Language Map

Click on the image above for an interactive Indigenous Language Map

Text © ABC 2009
Language data © Aboriginal Studies Press, AIATSIS and Auslig/Sinclair, Knight, Merz, 1996. David R Horton, creator.
Map data © Europa Technologies, MapData Sciences Pty Ltd, PSMA, Tele Atlas

Cultural awareness resources

Organisations & Government sites

Indigenous Australian wooden musical instruments decorated with lizard dot painting

Clap-sticks  by certified su used under CC By 2.0


Social, cultural & political issues

Indigenous Literacy