Citing the sources you use is important because if you draw upon other people's work in your writing and research and do not acknowledge those sources you can be accused of plagiarism. Citations also allow your readers to follow up sources you have referred to enabling the sharing of ideas. More information on why citing is important.
All scholarship builds upon the work of others. When you use the work of others, you must acknowledge it appropriately for several reasons:
(Academic Skills Unit, 2013).
Reference management programs (also known as citation managers or bibliographic management software) provide many useful features that can help you with your research such as:
As there are a number of different programs available it is important to choose the one that suits your needs. The University of Melbourne has licensed access to:
Additional Endnote referencing styles can be found here:
Other reference management programs you might consider include:
See the Managing References Subject Research Guide for further programs under the Other Programs tab.
The full AVJ Style Guide is available online.
Examples below are adapted from Instructions for authors for submissions to the journal of the Australian Veterinary Association, published by Wiley InterScience.
The Australian Veterinary Journal prefers a numbered referencing style.
Each time a work is cited in your paper, it should be numbered in the order it appears, using superscript Arabic numerals immediately after any punctuation. If you cite the same work more than once, the same citation number should be used:
One-three works: e.g. Several studies have attempted to evaluate emotional states in farm animals.1,2,3
Three or more works: e.g. 4-7
Construct the reference list in the same numerical sequence of the references in the text.
Book: Single author
Senger PL. Pathways to pregnancy and parturition. 2nd edn. Current Conceptions, Washington, 2003.
Book: Two – Five authors
Hoffbrand AV, Pettit JE. Essential Haematology. 4th edn. Blackwell Science, Massachusetts, 2001.
Book: Six or more
Fossum TW, Dewey CW, Horn CV et al. Small animal surgery. 4th edn. Elsevier, Missouri, 2013.
Devlin TM, editor. Textbook of biochemistry: with clinical correlations. 6th edn. Wiley-Liss, New Jersey, 2006.
Palmer C, Sandoe P. Animal ethics. In: Appleby MC, Mench JA, Olsson IAS, Hughes BO, editors. Animal welfare. 2nd edn. CABI, Oxford, 2011:1-12.
DeLahunta A, Glass E. Veterinary neuroanatomy and clinical neurology [ebook]. Saunders/Elsevier, Missouri, 2009.
Journal article: Print
Bowers J, Slocombe R. Auricular chondrosis in a horse. Aust Vet J. 2009;87:219-221.
Note that journal titles must be abbreviated without full stops.
Journal article: Electronic
Chen H, Smith G, Zhang S et al. Avian flu: H5N1 virus outbreak in migratory waterfowl. Nature 2005;436:7048. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v436/n7048/full/nature03974.html. Retrieved 26 October 2012.
Depending on the citation style you are using you will need to use either full journal titles, or approved journal title abbreviations in your bibliography.
A useful guide to finding this information is: