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Literature Reviews

An introduction to the Literature Review process and resources to help you get started.

Which Style?

There are a number of referencing styles. They are discipline-specific and, in some circumstances, depend on the type of document you are writing:

  • Theses: your supervisor can advise on a recommended style.
  • Assignments and essays: before compiling your references, check your assignment guidelines or subject outline, or consult with your tutor or lecturer for the referencing style preferred by the school or department.
  • Journal articles: each journal will specify a format for referencing in author instructions guidelines or similar. These are usually available on journal webpages.


Re:Cite is an interactive library website that provides information for a limited number of styles and reference types: APA 6th, Harvard, Chicago, MLA, Vancouver and AGLC.

More detailed information can be found in a style manual or guide, including those listed in these tabs.


APA (American Psychological Association)


MLA (Modern Language Association of America)

AGLC (Australian Guide to Legal Citation)

Other Styles and Guides

More Information

  • University of Melbourne Library Citation Guide: information on styles, and includes links to various referencing tools.
  • Citation Stylesa section of the Managing References LibGuide listing many resources about citation styles.
  • Referencing Essentials: the basics of referencing, prepared by the Academic Skills Unit.
  • Referencing Systems: targeted to undergraduate students.
  • VCA Citation Guide: focusing on Chicago 16A, and prepared by the Victorian College of the Arts (VCA). Gives examples of how to cite many resources, including audio-visual material, and electronic (blogs, podcasts, streamed audio/video, etc).