The Victorian Curriculum F–10 incorporates the Australian Curriculum and reflects Victorian priorities and standards. Students become more fluent and accurate in spoken and written language production. They gain greater control of grammatical and textual elements. They use expressive and descriptive language as appropriate for different purposes and demonstrate understanding of language variation and change. Students develop understanding of how Japanese phrases, which cannot be translated into English, convey values and beliefs that underpin Japanese culture. Students understand the relationship between language, texts and culture.