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Advanced Google features and Search Engine alternatives: Advanced Search Operators

This guide is a supplement to the Advanced Google Research Class

Advanced Search Operators

Syntax

Type of search

 Allintitle:keywords

Just searches for titles that have the search words. Good if you are getting too many results. Searches the title only.
eg: Allintitle:human rights Ukraine

 Cache: URL

The query cache:url will display Google’s cached version of a web page, instead of the current version of the page. Useful if the current version is not available.

 Location: Place

 If you include location: in your query on Google News, only articles from the location you specify will be returned. For example, [ queen location:canada ] will show articles that match the term “queen” from sites in Canada.

 Proximity   AROUND(#)

Search terms appear in proximity to each other. A search on privacy AROUND(2) "social media" will pick up the terms privacy and “social media” within five words of each other. 
eg privacy AROUND(2) "social media"

 Link

The query link:URL shows pages that point to that URL.

 info:URL

Get information about a web address, including the cached version of the page, similar pages, and pages that link to the site.
Example: info:austlii.edu.au

 Related

Find sites that are similar to a web address you already know.
Example: related:time.com

 Define

If you are looking for just the definition of the word,
eg. Define stoicism

 Filetype:pdf 

Use this to specify the file type you are looking for, or the file extension such as .txt .psd

filetype:pdf “wireless set up”

 Allintitle:keywords

Looks for the search terms within the title element of a web document. Useful if you are remember some terms in the URL and want to find it.

e.g  allintitle:UNESCO