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Advanced Google features and Search Engine alternatives

This guide is a supplement to the Advanced Google Research Class

Advanced Search Operators


Type of search


Just searches for titles that have the search words. Good if you are getting too many results. Searches the title only.
eg: Allintitle:human rights Ukraine

 Cache: URL

The query cache:url will display Google’s cached version of a web page, instead of the current version of the page. Useful if the current version is not available.

 Location: Place

 If you include location: in your query on Google News, only articles from the location you specify will be returned. For example, [ queen location:canada ] will show articles that match the term “queen” from sites in Canada.

 Proximity   AROUND(#)

Search terms appear in proximity to each other. A search on privacy AROUND(2) "social media" will pick up the terms privacy and “social media” within five words of each other. 
eg privacy AROUND(2) "social media"


The query link:URL shows pages that point to that URL.


Get information about a web address, including the cached version of the page, similar pages, and pages that link to the site.


Find sites that are similar to a web address you already know.


If you are looking for just the definition of the word,
eg. Define stoicism


Use this to specify the file type you are looking for, or the file extension such as .txt .psd

filetype:pdf “wireless set up”


Looks for the search terms within the title element of a web document. Useful if you are remember some terms in the URL and want to find it.

e.g  allintitle:UNESCO