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Southeast Asian Legal Research Guide: Treaties

The effect of Treaties on domestic law

The Ordinances of the President of Lao PDR on Establishment and member Participating and the implementation of International Conventions (published in the Official Gazette on 28 May 2014) states that treaties adopted in accordance with Lao law take precedence over domestic law when there is an inconsistency. The Constitution of the Lao PDR remains, however, the supreme law of the land. This Ordinance is available on the Gazette website in the Lao language only. 

Lao PDR Treaties

The International Law Project Lao PDR website includes:

  • A list of multilateral and bilateral treaties to which Lao PDR is a party - including UN, regional and ASEAN treaties. Multilateral treaties are part of the Lao Treaty Series (LTS), and this list provides the LTS numbers. 
  • The Lao Treaty Database, which groups all treaties deposited with the Secretary -General of the United Nations by subject and links to the full text treaties in English.

Treaties Adherence

The Rule of Law in Armed Conflict (RULAC) Project website includes information on the international human rights and humanitarian treaties and regional treaties to which Lao PDR is a party. The website notes that 'Laos is party to the main international human rights and humanitarian law conventions, including to the 1949 Geneva Conventions and their 1977 Additional Protocols. It has ratified major treaties against terrorism, but it has not adhered to refugee-related instruments or to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court'.