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Australian Cases, Legislation and Law Reform: Case Law

Resources for finding cases, legislation and law reform information all Australian jurisdictions

Supreme Court of Victoria

Image source: Wikimedia Commons

Authorised Victorian Law Reports

Authorised reports must be handed up in the Supreme Court of Victoria - refer to Supreme Court of Victoria Practice Note 9 2011: Citation and provision of copy judgments to the Court and opposing counsel. The only authorised (official) Victorian law report series is the Victorian Reports (formerly the Victorian Law Reports).

Victorian Law Reports 1874-1956 - online via AustLII. These are exact replicas of the original report series and are acceptable in court.

The full series from 1874 to date are available on Lexis Advance Pacific.

Unreported Victorian Judgments

See the Law Library of Victoria's guide on locating unreported judgments for the Supreme Court, County Court, Magistrates' Court and VCAT. 

Finding a case when you have a full or partial citation

When you know the full citation, or partial information such as the name of at least one of the parties, the jurisdiction or court - there are several subscription and free caselaw online databases which we recommend using to find the case:

  • Lexis Advance Pacific (Melbourne Uni staff and students only) - change the Search: Everything option to Content Type -> AU Cases and type eg: the parties' names into the Case Name box.
  • WestlawAU (Melbourne Uni staff and students only) - use the cases tab, then select Advanced Search and type eg: the parties into the Case Title/Part Name box.
  • AustLII (free) - simply type the case name into the search box at the top of the screen eg: dalgarno v hannah (there is no need for any punctuation)
  • JADE (free) - simply type the case name into the search box at the top of the screen eg: chan v zaccharia (there is no need for any punctuation - you will see suggestions as you type)

Finding cases on a particular topic

1. Start with secondary sources, which will cite significant cases on the topic. 

2. Find relevant journal articles, use topic keywords to search:

  • LawCite (open access)
  • AustLII Journals (open access)

3. Use commentaries on the topic, such as those on CCH, Lexis Advance Pacific and Westlaw AU. 

4. In addition to using secondary sources:

  • FirstPoint on WestlawAU indexes cases by topics which can be browsed or searched using the 'Classification' field on the search form. You could also enter a search term in the 'Catchwords' field in the FirstPoint search form - this will search for your term in the catchwords section of the judgment. 
  • Use the Australia - by catchwords on Lexis Advance Pacific to search the topic in the catchwords lookup search box.
  • JADE (open access) can be searched by topic, catchword, tag or cloud.

Beware: the case law databases will find many cases, but not all will be significant - use books, articles and commentaries to ensure the importance of the case.

Finding the 'most important' cases on a topic

Use Secondary Sources!

The following will discuss the most important cases in the area:

  • Recent books and book chapters. Use the Library Catalogue to find relevant recent print and e-book. Secondary sources are the best way to find a discussion of the jurisprudence on the subject.
  • Legal encyclopedias such as The Laws of Australia (Westlaw AU) or Halsbury's Laws of Australia (Lexis Advance Pacific). These are arranged by topic and can also be searched. 
  • The most important Australian cases will generally be those decided in the High Court. But English cases are often important in that this may be where the law was first enunciated or developed - English cases will not be found searching eg: Lexis Advance Pacific or WestlawAU. See our Research Guide United Kingdom Legal Research for information about researching English law. 
  • If you find the case discussed in an encyclopedia or book, use a case citator such as Casebase or Firstpoint to a) ensure that you are referring to the authorised or 'best' version of the case and b) to check how the case has been treated subsequently by other cases paying particular attention to whether the case has been overruled.  

Finding cases considering legislation

  • CaseBase (Lexis Advance Pacific) - use the 'Act/Regulation' field to search for legislation judicially considered. Use the 'Provision' field to search for a legislative provision.  
  • FirstPoint (Westlaw AU) - use the ‘Legislation Cited (Title)' field and enter the name of the legislation as a phrase eg. “Trade Practices Act 1974".  Use the 'Legislation Cited (Provision)' field to search for a specific section of the legislation.
  • LawOne (TimeBase) - once you have found the legislation you are looking for cases on, select the 'Key info' box to the right of the screen.  Under the heading 'Related instruments' there is a link called 'Cases', click on this and a list of cases will appear which you can sort by year or court. You can also do this at a legislation provision level - at the provision level a box titled 'Cases' will appear next to the box 'Key info'.  
  • LawCite (AustLII) - use the field of the search form - enter the name of the legislation and the section if relevant. 
  • JADE - use the 'Citator' option, enter your search terms (legislation name and if relevant, the section) and press search. This will give you a list of cases that have cited the legislation you have searched for 

Finding journal articles discussing a case

We recommend:

The INFORMIT databases, particularly AGIS (law articles) and the HUMANITIES & SOCIAL SCIENCES COLLECTION (Melb Uni staff & students only).

  • Select the databases
  • Type the parties' names into the search box (eg: Koowarta v Bjelke-Petersen )
  • select Legal Cases (CASES) from the drop down Field menu

AustLII Journals (free)

  • Type the parties' names into the search box in this way: Koowarta  near  Bjelke-Petersen (using a 'v' between the party names will only find articles with the parties in the title - these will be highly relevant but you will miss other articles which discuss the case)
  • the most relevant articles will be listed first.
  • you can click on the context button to locate all references to the case in the article.

Finding subsequent consideration of a case

Case citators / noting up services will help you determine whether any later cases have considered your case and which earlier cases your case has considered.

The citators listed below will all reveal slightly different results so to search comprehensively we recommend using all of them. 

Subscription citators 

The subscription services on WestlawAU and Lexis Advance Pacific have the distinct advantage of providing information on how your case has been treated in subsequent cases ie: whether it has been distinguished, followed, overruled etc.  

CaseBase (Lexis Advance Pacific)

FirstPoint (WestlawAU)

Free citators / noting up services 

AustLII Noteup - when you have located the case you are looking for, the Noteup feature searches for all materials which refer to the current case. This will display all other cases which refer to this case and pinpoints to the relevant paragraphs in the citing cases.

Jade's Case Trace is a citator feature that appears on the right of the page of every case in JADE - it includes links to the full text of cases your case has cited and to cases which have cited your case - and pinpoints the relevant paragraph in the citing cases.

Subsequent consideration of Australian cases in worldwide cases 

LawCite - is an automatically generated global case citator, which gathers information from all the 'LIIs" worldwide, so that you see where your case is cited in cases in other jurisdictions. It also lists free and subscription journal articles and law reform reports which discuss your case, and legislation which is cited in your case. Cases found in AustLII all have LawCite link beside the case which links straight to the LawCite record.

Finding the litigation history of a case

  1. Use FirstPoint to locate the record for your case.
  2. Refer to the part of the record called ‘Litigation history' to find earlier and related proceedings.