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This guide provides information and advice for law journal editors and authors who wish to use to create permanent URLs for web site information cited in footnotes.

How do I cite a

How do I cite my link in a footnote?

The Melbourne Journal of International Law (MJIL) now uses Perma for citations in its articles. Take a look at the articles in volume 16, issue 2 (2015). E.g. Margaret A. Young and Sebástian Rioseco Sullivan, ‘Implications of the Whaling Case at the International Court of Justice, (2015) 16 Melbourne Journal of International Law 321. (As found in AustLII.)

The following footnote shows how MJIL presents citations with links.



In the most recent edition of “The Bluebook,” the commonly used citation guide used by law journals in the United States there is a new rule: 18.2.1(d), which states:

“Archiving of Internet sources is encouraged, but only when a reliable archival tool is available.  For citations to Internet sources, append the archive URL to the full citation in brackets”:

The rule includes the following Perma example:

Letter from Rose M. Oswald Poels, President/CEO, Wis. Bankers Ass’n, to Elizabeth M. Murphy, Sec’y, SEC (Sept. 17, 2013), [].

Another example of the archived sources rule is in the table of examples set out in p. 178 - Rule 18.1 Basic Citation Forms (a) Internet Sources:

Rocio Gonzalez, Puerto Rico’s Status Debate Continues as Island Marks 61 Years as a Commonwealth, Huffington Post (July 25, 2013, 9:00 AM), [].