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MULT90004 Sustainability Governance and Leadership

A research guide to support OEP students studying MULT90004

Citation & Reference Management

Learning objectives:

  • To understand why and when citation is necessary
  • To understand paraphrasing
  • To understand the elements of a citation
  • To understand the basics of Harvard style
  • To be able to create citations for the following reference types: books, journal articles, and web pages

What is Plagiarism? ClickView AU/NZ added May 22 2014

Did you know?

It's not just books and journals that you need to cite. Other types of resources include:

  • Images (from books, online, from a database)
  • Online material (eg websites, blogs)
  • Videos (DVD, streamed, online, downloaded)
  • Music (CD, MP3, streamed)
  • Live performances
  • Course readers
  • Lectures
  • Anything that is not your own original work.

For help with referencing styles such as Harvard, Chicago and APA please refer to the library's referencing tool re.cite

Harvard Style is an author-date referencing system with two key components:

  1. Citations in the text - usually the author's name and year of publication.
  2. A reference list at the end of the paper.

Chicago 16 style has both an author-date system and a footnote and bibliography system.

There are two key components:

  1. Footnotes or endnotes.
  2. A bibliography.

American Psychological Association (APA) style is widely used in the social sciences and other fields, such as education, commerce and nursing.

APA is an author-date style with two key components:

  1. Citations in the text: name of author and year of publication.
  2. Reference list at end of paper: alphabetical listing of all references used in the text.

As the purpose of referencing is to acknowledge the source and to enable the reader to trace the sources, reference data must be accurate.

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