All scholarship builds upon the work of others. When you use the work of others, you must acknowledge it appropriately for several reasons:
(Academic Skills Unit, 2013)
Did you know?
It's not just books and journals that you need to cite. Other types of resources include:
There are many styles of citation and referencing. These fall in to two main categories, footnote styles and author-date styles.
Footnote styles feature citation information in a footnote, as well as in the bibliography.
Author-date styles feature in-text references, giving the author and date, with a full citation in the bibliography.
Regardless of the style required, all citations consist of a number of elements, which allow the resource to be clearly identified. Common elements are:
Additional elements, where relevant, include:
re:cite gives examples of the correct use of Harvard for the University of Melbourne. It shows you how to cite many kinds of resources.
Harvard is an author-date style, with in-text citations and a reference list.
When including an in-text citation, include the author and the date in brackets.
EG: The albatross has been used in a metaphorical sense in sea-faring folklore (Sutherland 2013).
If you have referred to the author's name in running text, you only need to include the date in brackets.
EG: The symbolic significance of the albatross has been recognised by Sutherland (2013).
You can also consult some General Style Notes for Harvard.