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DVM2 VOCE 2017 Library Workshop

Australian Veterinary Journal Style Guide

Examples below are adapted from Instructions for authors for submissions to the journal of the Australian Veterinary Association, published by Wiley InterScience.

The Australian Veterinary Journal prefers a numbered referencing style.



Each time a work is cited in your paper, it should be numbered in the order it appears, using superscript Arabic numerals immediately after any punctuation.  If you cite the same work more than once, the same citation number should be used:

One-three works:  e.g. Several studies have attempted to evaluate emotional states in farm animals.1,2,3

Three or more works:  e.g. 4-7  

Construct the reference list in the same numerical sequence of the references in the text. 


Book: Single author      

Senger PL.  Pathways to pregnancy and parturition. 2nd edn. Current Conceptions, Washington, 2003.

Book: Two – Five authors            

Hoffbrand AV, Pettit JE. Essential Haematology.  4th edn. Blackwell Science, Massachusetts, 2001.

Book: Six or more

Fossum TW, Dewey CW, Horn CV et al. Small animal surgery. 4th edn. Elsevier, Missouri, 2013.

Book: Editor

Devlin TM, editor.  Textbook of biochemistry: with clinical correlations. 6th edn. Wiley-Liss, New Jersey, 2006.

Book: Chapter:

Palmer C, Sandoe P. Animal ethics. In: Appleby MC, Mench JA, Olsson IAS, Hughes BO, editors. Animal welfare. 2nd edn. CABI, Oxford, 2011:1-12.


DeLahunta A, Glass E. Veterinary neuroanatomy and clinical neurology [ebook]. Saunders/Elsevier, Missouri, 2009.

Journal article: Print

Bowers J, Slocombe R. Auricular chondrosis in a horse. Aust Vet J. 2009;87:219-221.

Note that journal titles must be abbreviated without full stops.

Journal article: Electronic

Chen H, Smith G, Zhang S et al. Avian flu: H5N1 virus outbreak in migratory waterfowl. Nature 2005;436:7048. Retrieved 26 October 2012.

Compose the abbreviation list in alphabetical order. Use the heading ‘Abbreviations’ and then list the abbreviations and their definitions, separated by semi-colons.

Abbreviations should be used only where they ease the reader’s task by reducing repetition of long, technical terms. Use abbreviations only if the term is used three or more times. All abbreviations are to be listed in the abbreviations list and written out in full the first time they appear in the text, followed by the abbreviation in brackets. Exceptions are SI units and commonly used terms that can be understood from the context, for example:

The full AVJ Style Guide is available online.  

Referencing Software

There are various referencing programs available that will assist you with citing and referencing. Your choice will be influenced by:

  • Whether you are undergraduate or post graduate
  • Whether you are doing a higher degree by Research or coursework
  • Personal preference

For a guide to the available software, have a look at Managing References. The University of Melbourne supports Refworks and Endnote.

EndNote Online for Windows: An EndNote Class Recording