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Indian Law Research Guide: Introduction to the Indian Legal System & Indian Legal Research

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Source: Wikipedia

Latest Indian Judgments & Legislation Newsfeed

Latest judgments from the Supreme Court and Bombay High Court, as well as recent UK judgments and recent Acts and Notifications - from the High Court of Bombay Judges' Library Blog.


World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - Country Profile

The latest Rule of Law Index -  Country Profile for India  (open access) provides data on the following dimensions of the rule of law:
» Limited government powers
» Absence of corruption
» Order and security
» Fundamental rights
» Open government
» Effective regulatory enforcement
» Access to civil justice
» Effective criminal justice
» Informal justice
World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index (Full Report)

This Research Guide was created and is maintained by Robin Gardner, MLS Academic Research Service, Melbourne Law School. Please contact Robin at with corrections, suggestions or comments about the Guide.

A good place to start your Indian legal research

Halsbury's Laws of India on LexisNexisAu (UniMelb staff & student access) is a comprehensive online encyclopaedia of the Law in India, arranged alphabetically by topic. It contains commentary, and cites relevant legislation and significant cases.

  • Click "Source Directory">> 'find sources'>> 'keyword'>> then type in "Halsbury's Laws of India " in the "keyword" field.

Foreign Law Guide - India (UniMelb staff & student access) - arranged alphabetically by broad topic. Includes commentary, and lists relevant legislation (with links to the legislation on the SCC database) and useful secondary sources such as books and articles on these topics.

Indian Legal System

The Constitution of India provides for the three organs of the State – State, Legislature and Judiciary, and thus implicitly recognises the doctrine of Separation of Powers. The Constitution also provides for a British-style parliamentary democracy, with the addition of a President. The President formally appoints the prime minister and cabinet, as well as governors of states, judges of the Supreme Court and state high courts, and foreign emmissaries. 

The main sources of law in India include the constitution, statutory laws, customary laws and case law. See more at:

India's legal system is a mix of common, Muslim and customary law. See Juriglobe for further information(open access).

Image courtesy of Juriglobe

Indian Law - Research Guides

For other research guide on Indian legal research see:

For a comprehensive overview of Indian legal literature, see Uma Narayan, 'Basic Indian Legal Literature for Foreign Legal Professionals' (2009) 37(3) International Journal of Legal Information 333 (UniMelb staff & student access).

General Country Information

The Republic of India is a constitutional democracy made up of 29 states and seven union and national territories. India's Government functions in the Westminister style.

Use the resources listed below for general information about India.

Government Information

Doing Business in India