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Canadian Legal Research Guide

Subsequent consideration / Noting Up decisions using Case Citators

See also the University of Toronto - Bora Laskin Law Library's Legal Research Tutorial - Noting up Cases

'Noting up' means 1) checking the judicial history of a case to see if it has, for example, been reversed or affirmed on appeal ('history'), and 2) finding if a case has been considered by other cases and how the subsequent cases have treated the case  - for example if they have distinguished or followed the case ('treatment').

The following subscription resources will show both history and treatment:

  • In the QuickCITE Case Citator on LexisNexisAu (UniMelb staff and students) find your case by case name, citation or keywords directly in QuickCITE.

    • The link to QuickCITE is on the LexisNexisAu homepage under the 'My Favourites' heading.

    • The QuickCITE Case Citator contains the following information about a case: parallel citations, case history, linked commentary in Halsbury's Laws of Canada referring to the case, lists of subsequent citing cases and the judicial treatments in those citing cases. Board and Tribunal decisions are included as well as judicial decisions.

  • In WestlawNext Canada (UniMelb staff & student access) either:

    • from your case, use the top buttons. History provides a flow chart of the judicial history of your case. Citing References will find cases citing your case. These can be sorted by jurisdiction, court level, citation frequency and depth of treatment, and also includes status flags to indicate eg: positive, negative or neutral treatment of your case.

    • Use KeyCite - from the homepage, click on the the Find and KeyCite by Name button, then select Find and KeyCite a Case by Name from the dropdown menu. More on the KeyCite status flags.  

The following open access resources will find subsequent judicial consideration of your case, but will not show how the subsequent cases have treated the case:

  • in Canadian cases: use CanLII - if your case has been cited, there will be a 'Cited by' link under the case title. Click on the link and it will show you the citing cases, sorted by jurisdiction. Alternatively, type the case into the Noteup box on the CanLII home page.

  • in worldwide cases: use LawCite - type the party names and / or citation in the Cases Considered box.