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What is



Perma is used by law journals and legal researchers to create a permanent archived version of a web page and to assign a permanent URL to that web page. This means that readers can click on a Perma URL in a footnote and view the website and the information that the author referred to when the URL was captured. Using Perma avoids the frustration of finding a dead link when a web site has been taken down or finding that a web page has been edited since it was viewed and cited by an author.

Stay current with Perma

Keep up to date with developments and best use cases on the:

How do I get a Account?

How can I try Perma?

Anyone can give Perma a try by applying for an individual Perma account, however this account limits the user to creating ten Perma links.

Can I have a Perma Account as an author for an article I am writing?

Yes! Perma member law libraries are now setting up accounts for their academics. We can set you up as your own “organisation” under Melbourne Law School Library’s account. This which will allow you to create and organise an unlimited number of Perma links and organise them in folders and sub-folders that you see under your organisation name. 


Contact Carole Hinchcliff or to establish your Perma organisation account.  Your co-authors and research assistants can be added to your account as other members of your "organisation". Please note that your "members" can add, rearrange and annotate the links under your account.

How do I activate my account?

When the Law Library’s Perma account administrators have set up your account you will receive an email with the following request.


After you have set up your password you will be ready to log in to your account to begin creating and organising your new account.


After you have set up your password you will be ready to log in to your account to begin creating and organising your new Permalinks

How do I make a

Follow the steps in Perma’s guide or look at our example below.

Cut and paste the URL of the web page that you need to archive in the “Create Perma Link” box.

Select or create a folder to deposit your new Perma link.

When you click on the “Create Perma Link” button, the web site information will be preserved and you will receive your new Perma Link.

Your can view the preserved record and you have the option to view the live page or the screenshot view of the page you captured.

If the capture doesn’t look right, you made a mistake or change your mind you have 24 hours to delete the link before it becomes permanent. You may decide to replace the captured image. To do this, view your newly created Perma record by clicking on “Show record details “ in the top left corner of the screen then, when you click on “Edit record” you will be able to upload your own image.


When should I create Links?

We recommend that you create links for websites on the Internet such as blog postings, working papers, reports, press releases,  – any free web pages that do not already have another form of permanent URL such as a DOI or a Handle URL.

When should I not create a link?

The terms and conditions of specify that should not be used to archive content in a subscription database or behind a paywall.

What do I do if cannot archive a URL?

If is unable to upload the site you can try uploading the content directly to

Problems to watch out for when uploading web pages to are:

  • Files that do not have a direct URL are unable to be loaded into e.g. If you enter the URL of an SSRN page into you will only archive the abstract, not the article. You will need to upload the PDF content directly to
  • Sites with video ( is unable to load videos)
  • Content that appears on multiple pages, such as news stories that are divided into sections – only the content that appears at the URL that you enter in the box  will be archived.

Are there any short cuts for creating Links?

We suggest that you place a booklet into your “favorites” bar.

Click on your name in the top right corner of the screen. Select the “Tools” option. Move the “Create Link button to your bookmarks bar.

When you are viewing a page you wish to save as a link, just click on your bookmarklet to create your new Link.

Picture of the high court judges bench

How do I cite a

How do I cite my link in a footnote?




The Melbourne Journal of International Law (MJIL) now uses Perma for citations in its articles. Take a look at the articles in volume 16, issue 2 (2015). E.g. Margaret A. Young and Sebástian Rioseco Sullivan, ‘Implications of the Whaling Case at the International Court of Justice, (2015) 16 Melbourne Journal of International Law 321. (As found in AustLII.)

The following footnote shows how MJIL presents citations with links.


The Australian Guide to Legal Citation 4th edition covers use of persistent link services at Rule 4.5.

In the most recent edition of “The Bluebook,” the commonly used citation guide used by law journals in the United States there is a new rule: 18.2.1(d), which states:

“Archiving of Internet sources is encouraged, but only when a reliable archival tool is available.  For citations to Internet sources, append the archive URL to the full citation in brackets”:

The rule includes the following Perma example:

Letter from Rose M. Oswald Poels, President/CEO, Wis. Bankers Ass’n, to Elizabeth M. Murphy, Sec’y, SEC (Sept. 17, 2013), [].


Another example of the archived sources rule is in the table of examples set out in p. 178 - Rule 18.1 Basic Citation Forms (a) Internet Sources:

Rocio Gonzalez, Puerto Rico’s Status Debate Continues as Island Marks 61 Years as a Commonwealth, Huffington Post (July 25, 2013, 9:00 AM), [].