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Indian Law

General Country Information

The Republic of India is a constitutional democracy. It is a federation made up of 29 states and seven union and national territories. India's Central and state governments function in the Westminister style.

Use the resources listed below for general information about India.

Indian History

India, Raj & Empire (UniMelb staff & student access)

  • Drawing upon the rich and diverse manuscript collections of the National Library of Scotland, this datbase will be of great value to all those teaching or researching into the History of South Asia between the foundation of the East India Company in 1615 and the granting of independence to India and Pakistan in 1947.

Government Information

Indian Legal System

India's legal system is a mix of common, Muslim and customary law. See Juriglobe for further information(open access).

Image courtesy of Juriglobe

The main sources of law in India include the constitution, statutory laws, customary laws and case law. See more at:

A good place to start your Indian legal research

Halsbury's Laws of India on LexisNexis Advance (UniMelb staff & student access) is a comprehensive online encyclopaedia of the Law in India, arranged alphabetically by topic. It contains commentary and cites relevant legislation and significant cases.

Kluwer Law Online (UniMelb staff & student access) includes full-text e-books on Indian law in the following subject areas:

Image: Emblem of India

Source: Wikipedia

Foreign Law Guide - India (UniMelb staff & student access) - arranged alphabetically by broad topic. Includes commentary, and lists relevant legislation (with links to the legislation on the SCC database) and useful secondary sources such as books and articles on these topics.

Rule of Law and Human Rights in India


The World Justice Project's latest Rule of Law Index -  Country Profile for India  (open access) 

See also the following book:

Latest Indian Judgments & Legislation Newsfeed

Latest judgments from the Supreme Court and Bombay High Court, as well as recent UK judgments and recent Acts and Notifications - from the High Court of Bombay Judges' Library Blog.

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Doing Business in India

Other Research Guides on Indian Law

For other research guide on Indian legal research see:

For a comprehensive overview of Indian legal literature, see Uma Narayan, 'Basic Indian Legal Literature for Foreign Legal Professionals' (2009) 37(3) International Journal of Legal Information 333 (UniMelb staff & student access).

Guide Author 

This Research Guide is created and maintained by the MLS Academic Research Service, Melbourne Law School.

Please contact us at with corrections, suggestions or comments about the Guide.