Making South African Federal Legislation
National bills usually emanate from government departments. Bills may result from consultation through the publishing of green papers (discussion documents) and white papers (cabinet approved policy documents). Draft bills may be published in the Government Gazette for public comment and then referred to the relevant portfolio committee. Bills are published as a separate series to draft bills - bills may undergo several amendments as a result of discussion in the portfolio committee or select committee before final adoption and presentation to Parliament. Bills are normally introduced into the lower house - the National Assembly. To become a law, bills must be considered by and pass both Houses of Parliament, National Assembly and the National Council of Provinces. Once passed by both Houses, bills must receive the assent of the President to become law. Following assent they are published in the Government Gazette as Acts of Parliament.
For a concise and helpful overview of the national legislative process see How a Law is Made on the Parliament website.
The official website of the Parliament of South Africa includes the Hansards of both Houses from June 1999 to current.
All bills and Acts as passed are published in the official Government Gazette. This is not available online on open access and we do not subscribe to it. However, many of the links to Acts and bills from the open access sites listed above are to the official Gazette versions.