Indian treaties create the framework for government-tribal relations for particular tribes, and create the obligations of the Federal government to those tribes. Treaty making took place between 1722 (with the Five Nations - Treaty No 1) and 1868 (with the Nez Perce Indians - Treaty No 374). After 1869 no further treaties were negotiated by the US Government and in 1871 a bill was passed by Congress ending treaty making with the Indians and substituting the practice of making ratified agreements (16 Stat L 566).
The five subjects that were typically set out in Indian treaties are:
Treaties from 1778 to 1845 appear in volume 7 of the U S Statutes at Large. Later treaties are spread throughout volumes 9-16. These early Statutes at Large are available on open access on the American Memory project (Library of Congress).
Treaties are also contained in Charles J Kappler, Indian Affairs: Law and Treaties ('Kappler'). Kappler consists of 7 volumes: volume II was published in 1904 and contains US Government treaties with Native Americans from 1778-1883. Volumes I, III-VII contain US laws and executive orders concerning Native Americans from 1871-1970. All 7 volumes of Kappler are available on open access on the Oklahoma State University website.