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Which review is that? A guide to review types.

A typology of literature reviews


"Meta-analysis is a research process used to systematically synthesise or merge the findings of single, independent studies, using statistical methods to calculate an overall or ‘absolute’ effect" (Shorten, 2013).

Further Reading/Resources

Page, M. J., McKenzie, J. E., Bossuyt, P. M., Boutron, I., Hoffmann, T. C., Mulrow, C. D., ... & Moher, D. (2021). The PRISMA 2020 statement: an updated guideline for reporting systematic reviews. International Journal of Surgery, 88, 105906. Full Text

Cleophas, T., & Zwinderman, A. (2017). Modern Meta-Analysis: Review and Update of Methodologies: Springer Cham. Catalogue Link



Abou Ghayda, R., Lee, K. H., Han, Y. J., Ryu, S., Hong, S. H., Yoon, S., ... & Shin, J. I. (2022). The global case fatality rate of coronavirus disease 2019 by continents and national income: A meta‚Äźanalysis. Journal of Medical Virology, 94(6), 2402-2413. Full Text


Shorten A, Shorten B, What is meta-analysis?